Scotty L. Bolding, DDS, MS, FACSa and Uday N. Reebye, MD, DMD

Three-dimensional (3D) im- aging with the use of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scanning and 3D im- age manipulation and plan- ning software programs have become popular.1 Utilizing these technologies has allowed the dental and surgical teams to plan complex surgeries virtually and has enabled guided tools to assist with the surgical placement of endos- teal dental implants. Three types of guided implant sur- geries have emerged from 3D imaging and planning tech- nology: physical static guides, camera-based navigation, and most recently robotic guidance.

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